Viral Papilloma in dogs, commonly known as Canine Papilloma Virus (CPV), is a viral infection that affects dogs' skin and mucous membranes. It is characterized by small, raised, and cauliflower-like growths that can appear anywhere on the dog's body, including the mouth, lips, and genitals. CPV is highly contagious and can spread through direct contact with an infected dog or contaminated surfaces.
The symptoms of CPV can vary from dog to dog and depend on the severity of the infection. Common signs of CPV include the development of wart-like growths on the dog's skin and mucous membranes, especially in the mouth and on the lips. The growths may cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding, making it difficult for dogs to eat, drink, or play. In some cases, CPV can cause a fever, lethargy, and loss of appetite.
Most cases of CPV resolve on their own within a few weeks to months. However, if the growths are causing significant discomfort, bleeding, or obstructing the dog's airway or vision, veterinary intervention may be necessary. Treatment options include surgical removal of the growths, cryotherapy, or the use of topical medications. In severe cases, antiviral medications may be prescribed to boost the dog's immune system and help fight off the virus.